OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 08.06.1988
Herder and watchdog. Its imposing attitude and beautiful appearance make it a good companion dog.
F.C.I.: Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Mountain-and Cattledogs). Section 1 Sheepdogs. Without working
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Of strong and compact build giving the impression of stamina and mobility.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Rectangular in shape, the length of the body of males being a little shorter than that of bitches.
BEHAVIOUR/CHARACTER: Temperament calm, intelligent and alert
Lean, in good proportion to the body, carried at medium height
both in movement and standing.
Skull: Seen in profile slightly rounded; the frontal groove is
Stop: Distinctly marked, but without abrupt break.
Nose: Black, of medium size, with the nostrils wide open.
Muzzle: Strong, gradually tapering; its length is slightly greater
or equal to the length of the skull. The nasal bridge is broad.
Lips: Desirably taut and well fitting; the edges of the lips
should be dark.
Teeth: Strong, regularly set. Scissor bite, pincer bite accepted.
Eyes: Medium size, expressive, set slightly slanting; the iris
is dark brown; the eyelid rims are dark.
Ears: Set on at the height of the external angle of the eyes or
a little higher, medium length, rather thick, triangular, well
furnished with hair; the front edge of the ear is in slight touch
with the head; auricle mobile.
Of medium length, muscular, without any dewlap, with a profuse
mane; the upper line of the neck is higher than the topline of
Long and massive.
Withers: Distinctly marked, broad.
Back: Level, broad.
Loins: Broad , well coupled.
Croup: Oblique, slightly sloping.
Ribs: Oblique, rather flat.
Belly: Slightly tucked up.
Set on not too high, carried below the topline; when excited
carried above the topline, but not curved; hanging, it reaches
the hock; the tip of the tail may be slightly curved.
Forelegs muscular, with plenty of bone, but not too heavy; seen
from front straight and parallel.
Shoulder-blade: Slightly sloping, well adapted to the body.
Pastern: Slightly sloping forward.
Feet: Compact, oval in shape like a relatively big fist. With
hairs between the toes. Pads strong, hard and dark; nails strong,
blunt and dark.
Viewed from the rear hind legs vertical; seen from the side slightly
set backwards, moderately angulated.
Hock: Seen from the side vertical.
Feet: Like the forefeet.
On head, muzzle, frontpart of forelegs and on the hindlegs from
the hock downward the hair is short and dense. The neck and the
body are covered with long, thick, straight or slightly wavy hair,
hard to the touch. Undercoat profuse. On the neck a rich ruff; the thighs are covered with profuse, long hair; on the tail
hair also profuse, forming a flag.
Uniformly white; little cream coloured patches are undesirable.
Height at withers For males 65-70cm, for bitches 60-65cm.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a
fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded
should be in exact proportion to its degree.
· Frontal furrow distinctly marked.
· Poor pigmentation of nose, eyerims and lips.
· Light eye (called "bear eye").
· Ears set high, directed backwards or cropped.
· Neck carried horizontal.
· Croup overbuilt.
· Tail carried constantly above the topline.
· Lack of hair between the toes.
· Lack of ruff, lack of feathering on the legs.
· Stop too shallow.
· Pointed muzzle.
· Several missing teeth.
· Over-or undershot mouth.
· Hair curly or silky.
· Lack of undercoat.
· Coat with coloured patches.
· Nervous character.
· Dog timid or definitely aggressive.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.